TENANTS LEGAL CENTER
OF SAN DIEGO

EVICTION DEFENSE

Self help materials

Going to Court

 

 
 

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If served with a court eviction case, you must act promptly to defend and protect your rights in the matter.

Even "innocent" people can be served with an Unlawful Detainer.
There are many people who may get involved with an eviction due to circumstances beyond their control.  This may include being a caught up in a foreclosure situation, being falsely accused of wrongdoing, or having payments not acknowledged or wrongfully refused.   Even innocent people may be found guilty in an "eviction " case if they do not defend themselves.

If served with court papers, you should  not avoid the matter.  Failing to respond properly and timely means that you are officially admitting "guilt"  and are agreeing to be evicted with a long term bad credit record.  Just moving out (or moving your business out) to avoid a Sheriff lockout will not help at all.  In fact, it can make matters worse.  Running from this problem will not work.  Tenants facing court eviction must take the matter seriously and act promptly to protect valuable rights.  Remember, if served with UNLAWFUL DETAINER papers, you must respond properly and timely or you will LOSE the case and be evicted, even if you are innocent!! 

If served with an Unlawful Detainer, you should not rely solely on any self help system.  We have seen that Self representation almost always results in losing the case regardless of the tenant's "innocence" of the charges.  Self help computer programs, kits or forms may seem convenient and effective but they may lead you to the road of losing an eviction case.  Such self help responses to Unlawful Detainers will mislead and allow the tenant to select and include worthless defenses or, even worse, defenses that actually cause the loss of the case.   Landlord lawyers routinely take advantage of these tenants in court.  Tenants show up in court with their self help prepared papers and are either intimidated to agree to a bad settlement or they just go in front of the judge and promptly lose the case.

In any court eviction case, it is very important to seek professional legal assistance.  We see that most all tenants who have done their own court response papers, and then appear in court themselves, lose their case or agree to a bad settlement.  This is true regardless of how good their case was.  The legal system is just not set up to give an unrepresented tenant a fair trial.  There are too many technicalities and other factors involved.  This is a sad but true fact.  To see for yourself, simply visit any eviction trial department and watch for yourself.  After losing at a trial, they leave the court wondering what just happened and cannot understand how they lost.  They ask why it is so unfair.  The other tenants who agreed to bad settlements leave the courthouse not knowing just how bad that deal was.  With good legal help, the results are opposite.  There are several attorney assistance options available to you.  There are free attorneys at Legal Aid.  There are also low cost legal services available including the Tenants Legal Center

Beware of eviction "assistance" outfits. There are many self appointed "paralegals" who profess to render "legal" services at a "low cost" or "cheap" rate.  We have seen the work of these outfits.  We have seen incompetent and dangerous services performed where the only goal was to stall an eviction while sacrificing the tenants rights in the process.  Simply filling out papers without attention to the proper and technical protection of fragile rights is very unfortunate for the unsuspecting tenant who will ultimately lose their rights.  They also create an antagonistic environment with the landlord making reaching a favorable settlement difficult to impossible.  What is even worse is that these outfits do not have cheap prices at all!  Many times, they charge much more than attorneys.

Tenants should avoid communications with the landlord's attorney.  
You may want to resolve an eviction lawsuit you received and the landlord tells you to call their attorney.  [That should be a warning flag NOT to take the advice of the landlord who just sued you!!]  Their attorney may ask that you send a letter explaining your version of the case or to make them a proposal to settle the matter.  This is very dangerous since in most cases, they will just use your well intentioned efforts and words against you.  This is because you are not aware when you make statements that seem harmless but actually admit legal "guilt" in the case, but they are.  To avoid the risk, it is better to confine such communications as between tenant and landlord only.  When attorneys get involved, their attorney should only talk to your attorney.

Responding to an eviction on your own in an emergency.  To protect your rights, you must file a response within the time required by law.  If you don't, you will lose the case automatically (by default).  If you cannot get to an attorney in time, you may be forced to prepare a response on your own using any self help material or forms available.  If you do this, promptly take your filed response papers to a qualified attorney for review.  An attorney can then promptly prepare and file an amended (corrected) response to protect your rights if required.  Be careful what you put in that "emergency" response since factual assertions (i.e. your version of the story) must be carefully written so as to not miscommunicate your case.  

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California law for San Diego is applied in these pages.  Such laws may or may not be applicable in other jurisdictions.  The information provided herein is of a general nature and is not intended to be taken as specific legal advice.  For legal advice in a particular situation, promptly consult with an appropriate attorney.